Methylparaben Propylparaben Butylparaben

NASTY, not used in ecostore products

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High Health Hazard. There is a high level of evidence for Parabens being endocrine disruptors and interfering with Hormone regulation in the body.

Parabens are one of the most widely used preservatives in personal care products including moisturisers, shampoos, conditioners, and deodorants. They are highly effective in terms of protecting products from microbes during their manufacture, storage and end-use. However there are many health concerns associated with the paraben family ((e.g. methyl-, butyl-, ethyl- and propylparaben). They have been shown to mimic oestrogen and cause hormonal imbalance. They have also been associated with breast cancer, being found in trace amounts in breast tumour biopsies. Their use is also of environmental concern, with paraben pollution being linked to genetic defects in animals, such as sex change in fish. REFERENCES: (1. Golden, R., Gandy, J., & Vollmer, G. (2005). A review of the endocrine activity of parabens and implications for potential risks to human health. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 35(5), 435-458. 2. Harvey, P. W. and Darbre, P. (2004), Endocrine disrupters and human health: could oestrogenic chemicals in body care cosmetics adversely affect breast cancer incidence in women?. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 24: 167–176. 3. Mikula, P., Kružíková, K., Dobšíková, R., Haruštiaková, D., & Svobodová, Z. (2009). Influence of propylparaben on vitellogenesis and sex ratio in juvenile zebrafish (danio rerio). Acta Veterinaria Brno, 78(2), 319-326.)

INCI Name Methylparaben Propylparaben Butylparaben
Common Name Parabens
EWG Rating 4 - 7
Learn more on the EWG website